y\ Resume of
Two Historic Adventures
Undsay C. Warren, Jr.
Together with j.
Friends on the Occasion of
'oliniana Society Award for 20 1 1
NORTH CAROUNIANA SOCIETY IMPRINTS
H. G.JONES, General Editor, Nos. 1-50
This is the last number of North Caroliniana Society Imprints to be edited by H. G.
Jones, founder and for the first thirty-five years secretary of the Society. The copy for each
of the fifty numbers, beginning in 1978 with Edwin Gill's An Evening at Monticello,
has been written and edited "in house" (initially with the use of a manual typewriter) at
no cost to the Society except materials, printing, and postage. The drab appearance of each
number — evidence that never a cent was paid to a graphic designer — is reflected in the growth
of the Society's treasury, which otherwise might have paid for glitter rather than essence, thus
countering the Society's motto, "Substance, not Show."
H. G. Jones
COVER PHOTO: Elizabeth II, original design by William A. Baker; plans
completed by Stanley Potter. See text, page 1 1 .
PHOTO CREDITS: Jerry W. Cotten, pages iv, 17, 20, 24, 31, 32, 34-39;
Jan G. Hensley, pages 40-46; British Museum, pages ii and 14; United States
Postal Service, page 13.
Copyright © 201 1 by
North Caroliniana Society
UNC Campus Box 3930, Wilson Ubrary
Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27514-8890
Http:l I www, ncsociety. org
All rights reserved
Manufactured in the United States of ^America
by Piedmont Printing, Asheboro, North Carolina
The arriualof the Englifhemen
\ ft/ +-* /rt'V"
A. Resume of
Two Historic Adventures
Undsay C. Warren, Jr.
Together with Addresses of Friends
On the Occasion of His Acceptance of the
North Caroliniana Society Award for 201 1
Chapel Hill 27514-8890
North Caroliniana Society
The Afternoon Session
As is the custom for recipients of the North Caroliniana Society Award
for outstanding contributions to North Carolina's history, literature, and culture,
Lindsay C Warren, Jr. delivered a public address in the George Watts Hill
Alumni Center on the campus of the University of North Carolina at Chapel
Hill on Friday, April 29, 2011 . He is shown below during his address, 'A
Resume of Two Historic Adventures, " the edited text of which follows.
A. Resume of Two Historic
Lindsay C. Warren, Jr.
Mr. President, Members of the Society, Ladies and Gentlemen, including
members of my family and friends, many of whom have traveled some distance to be here
this evening, I say good evening to each of you and thank you for your presence.
To simply say that I am honored to be here would be a gross
understatement. To be truthful, I was overwhelmed when President
Whichard called me on the telephone in January to tell me that the Directors
of the Society had chosen me to receive the Society's award for 2011. As a
member of the Society, never had it occurred to me that this award would one
day come my way. Those previously honored and recognized by the Society
represent, in various and sundry fields of endeavor, outstanding citizens who
have contributed much to the life and culture of our great state. I want you
to know that I am truly humbled to have been chosen as the person receiving
the Society's 2011 award. Indeed, my cup runneth over.
At the outset of my remarks, I must confess I have struggled to
decide what I should say to you this evening. I considered talking to you
about my family — two wives, my three daughters, three step-children,
eight grandchildren and five step-grandchildren. But that would take too
much time, for I have been truly blessed by all of them. Then I considered
speaking about my parents — Emily Harris and Lindsay Carter Warren,
both now deceased. My mother was a remarkable loving human being who
devoted her life to her family and our well-being. My father spent most of
his life practicing law for 13 years, and 40 years of public service to his state
and nation. Because I have completed writing a biography of his public life
(reduced from 630 pages to 440 pages), now in the hands of a hoped-for
publisher, I decided not to spill the beans here with the hope many of you
will want to buy the book once it is finally published.
2 LINDSAY C WARREN, JR.
Having ruled out my family, that leaves only me. Finally, I decided I
should tell you a few things about my life, including my public life. As I have
said to several friends, I dislike talking about myself. In doing so, however, I
realized I can pay tribute to those who played significant roles in my public
endeavors. In public life, none of us stand alone like an island. We are very
much dependent upon others to achieve laudable goals. So here I go.
But first a few words about the early years of my life. As many of
you know, I am a native Tar Heel, having been born and lived my early life in
the lovely historic town of Washington on the north shore of the Pamlico
River, the home of several generations of my ancestors. My parents were
both natives of that town, and I was born there in 1924, being the second
of three children, my only sister, Emily Carter Warren, sadly now deceased,
having been born in 1920. My brother, Charles Frederic Warren, named for
our paternal grandfather, was born in 1925.
One month after my birth, my father was elected to the first of eight
successive terms he would serve in the United States Congress as a member
of the House of Representatives, the beginning of 30 years of public service
by him in our nation's capital. From the early years of my life, I was exposed
to the teaching that public life is a public trust.
I have fond memories of my young life in this small river town,
the county seat of Beaufort County. A small village was in existence on
the north bank of the Pamlico when, in 1776, it was named for George
Washington, who at that time was serving as Commander-in-Chief of the
Continental Army in the early stages of the Revolutionary War. Though there
are now a number of towns in other states, plus our national capital, bearing
Washington's name, it is the strong belief of the past and present residents
of Washington, North Carolina, that it was the first one so named. We call it
"The Original Washington," and there is strong proof for such a claim. The
only serious and persistent challenge to that claim comes from Washington,
Virginia, a town not incorporated as such until 1796, while George was
serving as our first President, yet 20 years after Washington, North Carolina
was named. The sole basis for the Virginia claim is an old survey map found
in the mid-nineteenth century. It was a survey of a proposed unnamed town
site surveyed and signed by Washington in 1749, when he was a seventeen-
year-old surveyor. It is unbelievable that the Virginia town was named for
him at that age when he had achieved no prominence or station in life to
justify such a naming. Washington in North Carolina was established as a
town in 1776, when it was first named, as the town was mentioned by name
in both the Colonial Records and the Journal of the Council of Safety, which met at
Halifax in September, 1776. Those historical facts were established years ago
by Dr. Herbert Paschal, Jr., a native of the town, and a Professor of History
TWO HISTORIC ADVENTURES 3
at East Carolina University at the time of his premature death in the early
1980s. The pomposity of those Virginians who continue to claim they were
first with the name is not only unbelievable, but fallacious on its face.
Speaking of George, one of my early memories is when the town
celebrated his 200 th birthday in 1932. It was a big event. The schools prepped
the students. The Chamber of Commerce sponsored several events, including
a big parade on the birth date (February 22) with a couple of marching bands
and floats with children and adults dressed in 18 th century attire. The town
built a huge cement birthday cake with 200 candles located on the side lawn
of the Beaufort County Courthouse. For children, it was a special time in
their young lives.
That's enough for now about the hometown. In 1 940, after serving
for 16 years in Congress, my father accepted a presidential appointment
from President Roosevelt to serve the nation as Comptroller General of the
United States, the executive head of the General Accounting Office, now
more appropriately named The General Accountability Office. Because
the term was for 15 years, to strengthen the independence of the office, a
decision was made by the heads of the household to move the family's place
of residence to the other Washington. The move took place in the summer
of 1941, notwithstanding the screaming and howling of the oldest son, a
rising high school senior in love with a classmate — his future wife to be.
So my last year of high school was spent at Woodrow Wilson High School
located in the northwest section of our nation's capital. In the Fall of 1942, 1
enrolled as a freshman at UNC, Chapel Hill, the size of its enrollment having
significandy declined as World War II for Americans began in December,
1941. At the end of that first academic year, I left the University to enlist
in the U.S. Coast Guard, then a part of the Navy during war. I was first
sent to Baltimore for training. Later, I was commissioned as an Ensign, then
called a "90 day wonder." I was subsequently transferred and assigned to
duty aboard the U.S.S. Wakefield (AP21), a troop transport with a capacity
of 7,500 passengers. The Wakefield sailed many times across the Adantic and
at times into the Mediterranean, returning to the United States after each
trip with wounded or reassigned GI's, and often German prisoners of war.
Following the unconditional surrender of Germany, the Wakefield was soon
transferred to the Pacific area for service that continued until I received my
orders for separation after serving 18 months on that ship. Returning to
UNC in the summer of 1946, 1 received a B.S. degree in Commerce in 1948.
My first wife, Grace J. Bowen, also a Washington, North Carolina native, and
I were married in September and shordy thereafter, I enrolled in the School
of Law. In 1951, I graduated, was licensed to practice law, joined the law
firm then known as Langston, Allen & Taylor in Goldsboro, my home since
4 UNDSAY C. WARREN, JR
those times. It is of interest to record that my younger brother Charles and
I graduated from law school together in the same class, he having caught
up with me in school while I was away during World War II. We are fourth
generation lawyers in our family.
While happily practicing law in Goldsboro, I made a decision in
1962, with the consent of my law partners, to run for a vacant seat in the
State Senate. I was earnestly encouraged to do so by my fellow Goldsboro
attorney and good friend, William A. Dees, Jr., now sadly deceased. Thereafter
elected, I took the oath of office as a Senator upon the convening of the
1963 General Assembly — 48 years ago — wow. It was the start of a new
experience, for thereafter I served in the Senate for four successive terms.
During that period, and thereafter, two things stand out for me in the area of
my public service. The first of these occurred while I was a state legislator.
The second took place 10 years later while I was once again engaged full time
in the practice of law.
In 1963, as a freshman Senator, I became involved in an effort to
reorganize the North Carolina court system. It all began in the mid 1950s
when the North Carolina Bar Association, named and organized a committee
to study and recommend to the General Assembly a proposed rewrite of the
Judicial Article to our state Constitution. The Committee was composed
of outstanding members of the Bar, plus several prominent lay citizens. It
was chaired and led by J. Spencer Bell, a prominent Charlotte attorney who
served three successive terms in the State Senate beginning in 1957. Later
Bell was appointed, confirmed, and served as a member of the United States
Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit, where he served with distinction
until his death in 1967. Time constraints limit my ability 7 to discuss the
work of the Bell Committee, as it was called, or its recommendations to
the General Assembly. It is sufficient to say for now that a rewrite of the
Judicial Article (Article IV) of our Constitution was finally adopted by the
1961 General Assembly, and thereafter ratified in 1962 by a vote of the
people. The constitutional changes were promoted by the Bell Committee.
It should be said, however, that the major dispute in the General Assembly
centered around certain recommendations proposed by the Bell Committee
to be locked into the Constitution to achieve a more independent judiciary.
In the end, that battle was lost, leaving to the General Assembly the authority
and power to fully implement by legislation several of the more important
changes mandated in the newly ratified Constitution.
The convening of the 1963 General Assembly was the first
opportunity to begin the implementation process. It was wisely decided
not to start the effort without study and contemplation. After conferencing
and discussions with several of my legislative colleagues, I introduced in
TWO HISTORIC ADVENTURES 5
the Senate a bill to establish the North Carolina Courts Commission to be
composed of 1 5 members appointed by then Governor Terry Sanford, with
the duty of drafting legislation for the full and complete implementation
of the new Constitutional changes. I soon learned there still remained in
the legislature some opponents or skeptics over the implementation process.
Before my bill was passed and ratified, it was amended to provide that the
15 members of the proposed Commission were to be appointed not by the
Governor alone, but with eight other members of the House and Senate
holding key legislative positions (four from the House and four from the
Senate) — i.e., nine people to appoint 15 members of the Commission.
Shortly after the 1 963 General Assembly adjourned, the appointments
to the Courts Commission were made and publicly announced. I was one of
the appointees. Soon thereafter, Governor Sanford requested me to serve as
the convening chairman at the Commission's first meeting scheduled to be
held in late June. I agreed to do so. At the meeting, the first business on the
agenda was the election of a permanent chairman. The convening meeting was
held in the State Legislative Building in Raleigh, where something happened
that I did not anticipate. I was nominated and elected to serve as Chairman
of the Commission, a daunting task for a green freshman legislator. Several
of the new Commission members served in the General Assembly during
the battle over constitutional changes. Clearly, they were more experienced
and knowledgeable of the issues than me. Nevertheless, with firm promises
of support from those present, I accepted the responsibility they had placed
upon me. Later that day, during my drive back to Goldsboro, I asked myself:
"What have you done? Do you have any idea of the time this commitment
will take?" I would soon find out.
The work of the Commission began the very next week and
continued until the legislative implementation process was completed six
years later upon adjournment of the 1969 General Assembly. At the outset,
the Commission secured the services of Ed Hinsdale, a lawyer member
of the Institute of Government's staff in Chapel Hill. He stayed with the
Commission until our work ended, engaged in helpful legal research, the initial
drafting of proposed legislation, keeping accurate minutes of our work, and
a host of other tasks associated with the mission of the Commission. The
Commission met, with exceptions, usually on Fridays and Saturday mornings
in the State Legislative Building. All meetings were public, open to the press,
and anyone else who wanted to listen. We held a few public hearings on
some of the issues, and consulted with several eminent law professors with
6 UNDSAY C. WARREN, JK
respect to a few of our proposals.
What did the Commission accomplish? It drafted and secured the
passage of legislation, which fully and completely implemented the new
Constitutional mandates under our state's Constitution. The legislation
proposed by the Commission was generally well received by the members of
the General Assembly. Of course, much briefing and lobbying of members
took place. Only a few committee or floor amendments were offered during
debates in the House and Senate. No adopted amendment resulted in any
significant changes to the Commission proposals — a gratifying response.
During the 1965, 1967 and 1969 General Assemblies, the following important
changes were made to the state's judicial system:
(1) A second trial division beneath the Superior Court was authorized and
gradually established in each of the then 30 judicial districts over a period of
five years with uniform civil and criminal jurisdiction. Designated as District
Courts, judges were elected in each of the districts during the implementation
REPORT OF THE
19 6 7
(2) At the same
time, upon the
election of District
Court judges, the
new law abolished
a multitude of then
existing county, city,
other courts beneath
the Superior Courts,
each having different
civil and criminal
(3) Once the
District Courts were
established in each
district, the office
of Justice of the
Peace was abolished
previously by local
the counties with
TWO HISTORIC ADVENTURES 7
varying civil and criminal jurisdictions, were compensated solely by fees
charged litigants in the cases they tried. But in criminal cases, no fee was
charged and collected unless the defendant was found guilty. Thus ended
a travesty of justice.
(4) During most of its existence, North Carolina has had only one
appellate court — the Supreme Count currently with seven justices. The
Courts Commission concluded that with anticipated population growth, a
new intermediate appellate court was needed to meet probable increasing
appeals from the decisions of the two trial courts. Constitutional authority
for such a court was recommended by the Bell Committee, but rejected
by the 1959 and 1961 General Assemblies. Notwithstanding that action,
the Courts Commission proposed an amendment to Article IV of the
Constitution authorizing an intermediate appellate court. The 1965
General Assembly approved that legislation and following favorable
ratification by the people, the 1967 General Assembly approved legislation
sponsored by the Courts Commission establishing a Court of Appeals to
be composed of six judges initially appointed by the Governor, with special
provisions allocating appellate jurisdiction between the two courts of the
new Appellate Division.
(5) For the prosecution of criminal cases, the Commission recommended,
and the General Assembly approved, legislation to elect District Attorneys
for each judicial district to prosecute all criminal cases in the Superior
and District Courts, with such assistants as may be needed. The District
Attorneys, and their assistants, are full-time state employees, contrary to the
old office of Solicitor, who then prosecuted the criminal dockets only in
the Superior Courts as part-time state employees, free to practice civil law
when not prosecuting.
(6) Another important change to improve the administration of justice
made by the Commission was legislation adopted by the General Assembly
to repeal all statutes granting exemptions from jury service to citizens by
the work they performed or the professions they served. Those special
exemptions deprived litigants of a true representative cross section of
the populations residing in the counties where the cases were tried. The
legislation enacted, repealed all jury exemption statutes, declaring service
on a jury to be a public duty. Today citizens summoned for jury service may
have their service postponed to another term of court or excused for good
cause by a District Judge assigned to hear such requests.
(7) Finally, as required by the provisions of Article rV, the Commission
proposed, and the General Assembly enacted, legislation to establish an
Administrative Office of the Courts, with an administrator appointed
by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. This important office is
8 UNDSAY C. WARREN, JK
charged with the duty of administering the business affairs of the Judicial
Department, including the preparation and administration of the annual
budgets authorized by the legislature, and a variety of other duties assigned
by statute and the Chief Justice, from time to time.
The foregoing remarks represent a brief sketch of what took
place in the 1960s to create and establish for North Carolina a truly unified
court system. It resulted from the hard and creative work of the Courts
Commission, and I wish to pay tribute to the members of that Commission,
most of whom, I'm sorry to say, are now deceased. There are only three
surviving members of the Commission — Judge J. Dickson Phillips, H.
Patrick Taylor, and your speaker. Deceased members include David M. Britt
of Robeson County, James B. McMillan of Mecklenburg County, A. A. (Gus)
Zollicoffer of Vance County, Alex McMahan of Durham County, Wilbur
Jolley of Franklin County, J Ruffin Bailey of Wake County, Earl Vaughn of
Rockingham County, Eugene Snider of Davidson County, and finally the only
non-lawyer on the Commission, J. J. (Monk) Harrington of Bertie County.
Two final things about the six years we worked together. When
we had disputes or disagreements on important issues, we kept talking.
Eventually, through discussion, reason, and common sense, we found a way
to resolve our differences. The end result was that when we took a vote
within the Commission on the final draft of proposed legislation, we were in
unanimity. Never was there a dissenting vote on what we recommended to
the General Assembly. That's not easy to do with a group of lawyers, minus
I recently reviewed the general statutes of our state relating to
our unified court system. I found that the statutes enacted by the General
Assembly during the 1960s are substantially intact as they were when
originally passed forty-two years ago. The structure and organization of the
General Court of Justice remains as originally proposed.
The last of my public service opportunities began in late 1980, when
I received a telephone call in my Goldsboro law office from then Governor
James B. Hunt. The call came without prior notice. As the conversation
progressed, Governor Hunt asked me to serve as Chairman of America's
400 th Anniversary Committee, a statutory group composed of 14 members,
10 of whom were gubernatorial appointees, and 4 ex officio members.
Though I was generally aware of plans to commemorate the late 1 6 th century
efforts of Walter Raleigh to colonize near our coast on Roanoke Island, I
knew nothing about the Committee or its plans. Surprised over the call, I
TWO HISTORIC ADVENTURES 9
asked the Governor for time to investigate and contemplate, a request he
Two or three days later, I received a visit in Goldsboro from Dr.
John D. Neville, the executive director of the Committee. He briefed me on
the activities of the Committee, and the status of its work. He also told me
that Dr. H. G. Jones, a historian and a founder of this Society, had served as
Chairman of the Committee from 1978 until 1980 when he resigned. So, I
was being asked to succeed a distinguished historian to lead a group in the
early stages of planning a historical commemoration — a challenging task to
say the least.
During Dr. Neville's visit, he mentioned that my father, who died in
1976, had previously proposed a commemoration. I had a faint recollection
of that, but soon discovered that after my father resigned as Comptroller
General of the United States, he accepted an invitation to speak to the
Pasquotank County Historical Society in Elizabeth City on May 4, 1955. In
his address on that date he proposed a major historical challenge for North
Carolina in these words:
Right here at our door we have an opportunity to commemorate an
anniversary unique in our history. The year 1984 will mark the 400 th
anniversary of the first landing of the English at Roanoke Island. It was
the dauntless spirit of adventure and achievement that prompted them to
extend the domain — that indefinable spirit that has inspired man through
the ages. Raleigh's effort was the earliest attempt at colonization, and one
which ante-dated Jamestown by 23 years and Plymouth Rock by 35 years.
This early effort should be observed in a manner fitting the occasion. . . .
To do anything on a grand scale requires time, planning, dreaming, courage,
organization and above all a vision.
With that "bold vision," as his 1955 remarks were later categorized,
how could his son, 25 years later, reject the opportunity to help lead a
Committee whose statutory duty was one of "planning, coordinating and
directing an appropriate observance of . . . the commemoration of the
landing of Raleigh's colonists on Roanoke Island"? After deliberation and
consultations with family and a few friends, including my law partners, I
ultimately decided I should not reject the opportunity. So I notified Governor
Hunt of my acceptance. Shortly thereafter, I met with the Committee for the
first time at a meeting held in Greenville.
At that meeting, I met and socialized with the members of the
Committee, some of whom I knew. Those present for that meeting were
an able, talented and diverse group, including William S. Powell, David Stick,
Charles B. Wade, Jr., Mrs. Fred Morrison, Dr. Herbert Paschal, Lucille S.
LINDSAY C WARREN JK
Winslow, Margo Tillett, and John E. Wilson. Others who would later serve
included Richardson Preyer, Andy Griffith, a young Marc Basnight, Judge
Charles Winberry, Jr., Robert Owens, Jr., and John D. Kennedy, Jr. At this
point I should say that another member of the Committee called me on the
telephone shortly after my appointment was made public. It was Paul Green,
North Carolina's distinguished dramatist, author, and teacher. He thanked
me for accepting the chairmanship, but announced, without stating a reason,
that he would have to resign his membership. That was a major loss for the
Committee. Sadly, a few months later, he died in Chapel Hill.
It took a few meetings for us to become comfortable with each
other, but by early June, 1982, we had established definite programs and
goals. Prominently included were the following: (a) the decision to construct
a ship of the type that brought the early colonists to our coast; (b) to plan
an exhibition from the British Museum and Library of the famous John
White drawings and other artifacts to be exhibited first in London and then
in Raleigh in 1985; (c) to conduct an archaeological program with the two-
fold purpose of locating the site of the "Cittie of Raleigh," and to study
TWO HISTORIC ADVENTURES 1 1
sites of early Indian villages; (d) to publish a series of books, pamphlets, and
brochures relating to the history of the Roanoke Voyages between 1584 and
1587; (e) to sponsor a series of six commemorative events, two to be held
in England, and the rest in Dare County; and (f) finally to include all North
Carolinians in the commemorative efforts by organizing county committees
in each of the 100 counties.
That was an ambitious agenda, one that required money. Before I
came on board, the Committee had established the American Quadricentennial
Corporation, a Section 501 c(3) non-profit organization. To raise needed
private funds to finance our programs, we started a fund raising campaign. I
served as chairperson with the cooperative assistance of Rich Preyer, Charles
Wade, and David Stick from the Committee, plus several friends from the
business community. Also, Governor Hunt lent us a hand. Ultimately, we
met our goal by raising over $2 million. I should say at this point that the
Committee employed Anne H. deRosset of Raleigh to manage the affairs of
the corporation. She capably performed in that role, as she did as a valuable
assistant to Dr. Neville.
Because of time constraints, I must limit my remarks to two of the
more visible events. First, a few words about the one that received the most
early public attention — the construction of a representation of a sixteenth
century sailing ship to be harbored at a new site in Manteo. One of the ships
in Sir Richard Grenville's 1585 flotilla to Roanoke Island was the Elizabeth, a
50-ton sailing vessel captained by Thomas Cavendish, with a mast height of
72 feet and drawing eight feet of water.
When I became Chairman, no definite decision had been made about
building a ship. With the encouragement of Governor Hunt, the matter
was pursued. I asked Charlie Wade, a native of Carteret County, to chair
our subcommittee to explore the feasibility of such a project. Charlie finally
agreed to do so upon the condition it would be a one person subcommittee.
I finally yielded to that unusual request, and soon Charlie found a naval
architect, William A. Baker of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology,
who drew preliminary plans for the ship. When Baker's health failed, he
recommended a fellow naval architect, Stanley Potter, then retired and living
in Beaufort, who completed the plans and specifications. Bids were solicited
and in June, 1982, a contract was awarded to O. Lie Neilson, a shipbuilder
of proven experience from Rockland, Maine. The ship was built on the
Manteo waterfront, and when completed was launched in November, 1983,
with Carolyn Hunt, wife of the Governor, as sponsor, before a large crowd
and a Marine band.
As a permanent site for the ship, appropriately named the Elizabeth
II, the state, under the leadership of Sara Hodgkins, then Secretary of the
12 LINDSAY C WARREN, JK
Department of Cultural Resources, acquired by purchase Ice Plant Island,
across from Manteo, clearing the center area of the island for the location
of a visitor center for viewing the new vessel. Also, the state built a short
connecting bridge from Manteo, named in honor of Cora Mae Daniels
Basnight, a Dare County native who acted for years in Paul Green's The Lost
The second and final matter I wish to discuss are the two
commemorative events that took place in 1984, the first in England on
April 27, and then on Roanoke Island on July 13. Those were historic dates
when Walter Raleigh on April 27, 1584, first sent Philip Amadas and Arthur
Barlowe from Plymouth to North America with a mission of exploring for
future English colonization. The date of July 13, 1584, was the date Amadas
and Barlowe arrived on Roanoke Island to claim land in the name of Queen
The Committee staff worked closely and cooperatively with our new-
found English friends in Exeter and Plymouth, located in County Devon,
and with other friends in London at the British Library. The Committee,
with cooperative travel agents, also planned two itineraries for travel from
the United States for those who wished to participate. It all came together in
Plymouth on April 27, 1 984, on the Mayflower Steps fronting the harbor in the
presence of Governor and Mrs. Hunt, Secretary Hodgkins, the Lord Mayor
of Plymouth, the Royal Marine Band, and almost 1 50 citizens from the United
States. The band played the national anthems of the two countries followed
by brief speeches delivered by the Lord Mayor of Plymouth and Governor
Hunt. And then came the unveiling of a marble plaque commemorating
the departure of Amadas and Barlowe from Plymouth to North Carolina to
explore and prepare for English colonization. The ceremony ended with the
Marine Band playing the Navy Hymn.
For the rest of that day and the next, we were royally entertained
by our hosts, including meals for invited guests, plus a civic reception for
all held in the Plymouth Guildhall punctuated by the great martial and
patriotic music of the Royal Marine Band. The next night, the 28 th , the
entire delegation dined outside of Plymouth at Buckland Abbey, the former
home of Sir Francis Drake. On Sunday the 29 th , we left Plymouth by buses
to Exeter for a special service at Exeter Cathedral in memory of the Raleigh
explorers and colonists. From there we again left by bus for London. On
the next evening, our delegation attended at the British Library the opening
of the exhibition Raleigh <& Roanoke, where many of the remarkable John
White drawings and artifacts were publicly displayed. On our last night, May
1, the entire delegation attended a reception at the U.S. Embassy, hosted
by the Ambassador to the Court of St. James, who failed to appear to the
TWO HISTORIC ADVENTURES
disappointment of his guests and the disgust of the Committee chair. The
next day most of the participants returned home.
The other 1984 commemorative event was held on July 13 as
scheduled on Roanoke Island, starting in Manteo and then in the Elizabethan
Gardens for lunch with our honored guest, Her Royal Highness, the Princess
Anne. For the past four years, the Committee had earnestly endeavored to
extend an invitation to her mother, Her Majesty, Queen Elizabeth. Ultimately,
we were told she would not be able to travel to America during 1 984. But the
door was left open to invite another member of the Queen's family. And that
turned out to be the Queen's daughter, Princess Anne, who finally arrived by
air in Raleigh on July 1 2.
Dr. Neville and his staff made the difficult arrangements. The
Princess and her entourage lodged for the night at Morehead House in Chapel
Hill, where a dinner with invited guests was held in her honor. The next day
the Princess and her party were flown to Roanoke Island on a private plane.
Arriving at Manteo Airport about 9:15 a.m., she was greeted by Governor
and Mrs. Hunt and in a motorcade brought to Manteo where the original plan
was for her to unveil an historic marker. Because of early morning rain, the
unveiling was postponed until after scheduled ceremonies beginning at 10:00.
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LINDSAY C WARREN, JR
GOVERNOR AND MRS. JAMES 0. MARTIN
AMERICA'S 400th ANNIVERSARY COMMITTEE
THE JUNIOR LEAGUE Oh RALEIGH
UNION CAMP CORPORATION
THE NORTH CAROLINA MUSEUM Of HISTORY ASSOCIATES
REQUEST THE PLEASURE Or YOUR COMPANY AT
A PREVIEW AND RECEPTION FOR
THE PBS AND AMERICAN PLAYHOUSE MINI-SERIES
WEDNESDAY EVENING, THE THIRTIETH OE APRIL
SIX UNTIL NINE O'CLOCK
NORTH CAROLINA MUSEUM OF HISTORY
RALEIGH, NORTH CAROLINA
TWO HISTORIC ADVENTURES 15
The rain stopped before that time and the ceremony began with a procession
of Boy Scouts from England and Chapel Hill, a color guard and a Marine
Band from Cherry Point leading the way. The program started promptly at
10:00 a.m. with the Committee chair presiding. The two national anthems
were sung, as they were in Plymouth in April, and then Governor Hunt
introduced Princess Anne, with a fanfare played by the U.S. Army Herald
Trumpets. The Princess spoke a few words of greeting to the large crowd
there assembled. Governor Hunt then spoke a few words on the significance
of the 400 th Anniversary, followed by Secretary Hodgkins dedicating the
Elizabeth II State Historic Site. At the end, Postmaster General William F.
Bolger dedicated a new Roanoke Voyage postal stamp issued that day from
the Manteo post office. Then the Princess with the British Ambassador,
Sir Oliver Wright, visited and toured the Elizabeth II. Before departing for
lunch, the Princess returned to the marker site only to discover that its wet
cover had been removed. In good humor, and with a smile on her face, the
Princess explained to the crowd what she would have done had the cover
been in place. The marker inscriptions recited the facts about the Amadas-
Barlowe expedition's arrival 400 years ago to the day, with other inscriptions
relating to the 1585 Ralph Lane Colony, and the 1587 colony under John
White, now known as Raleigh's "Lost Colony."
With those details attended to, the Princess and her attendants were
chauffeured to the beautiful Elizabethan Gardens on north Roanoke Island,
where a nice lunch was served to her and other invited guests, after she was
personally escorted around the lovely gardens. Thereafter, she and her group
departed by air for Atlanta to catch a flight back to her home in England.
Thus ended the last 1984 commemorative event. Four more events
followed, the last one being on August 18, 1987, to memorialize the 400 th
anniversary of the birth of Virginia Dare. Two things of importance need
to be said at this point. In 1985, James G. Martin of Charlotte became North
Carolina's new Governor succeeding Governor Hunt. Shortly thereafter, he
appointed Patric Dorsey of New Bern as Secretary of the Department of
Cultural Resources. Governor Martin and Secretary Dorsey became very
much publicly engaged in the remaining commemorative activities, including
the 1 987 return to England at Portsmouth and other places. Secondly a special
word of thanks and appreciation should be given to Capitol Broadcasting
Company (WRAL-TV), and its leader Jim Goodmon of Raleigh, for their
special efforts and commitment to publicly televise all of the commemorative
events, including the two in England.
Finally, I end by paying tribute to my colleagues on America's Four
Hundredth Anniversary Committee for their devotion and dedication to our
work that began in 1978 and ended in 1987, a long tenure for a non-paying
16 LINDSAY C. WARREN, JK
job. Sadly, eleven of the former members are now deceased. Without their
talents and commitment to this endeavor, we would not have achieved for
our state a worthy and lasting commemoration of our early beginning. In
conclusion, I extend my thanks to all present here this evening for your
patience while listening to my long address.
Martin H. Brinkley, Master of Ceremonies
At this point in our program, it is traditional to say something about
the North Caroliniana Society. So, as is my practice on these occasions,
I will say two sentences: Our passion is North Carolina and our motto is
"Substance, not Show." This means that we do rather than talk about doing,
and we seek service rather than publicity. For example, we did not seek publicity
for this event, because we wanted it to be held in the presence of Lindsay
Warren's family and close friends.
Not all of you heard Lindsay's remarks this afternoon, but there's
no need to ask for copies, because they, along with the full proceedings of
this meeting, will be published later this year in Number 50 of our North
18 LINDSAY C. WARREN, JK
Caroliniana Society Imprints series, a complimentary copy of which will go to
you in the mail. For that reason, in choosing our speakers, we try to think
of persons who have unique perspectives on our Award recipient and who
can put into the public record (for that is what the Imprints will do) some
aspects of the recipient's life that may otherwise go unrecorded. For Lindsay
Warren, that is a challenge, but we are up to it.
Our first speaker is, quite literally, a lifelong companion and friend
of Lindsay Warren, for they were born two weeks apart in the town that
Tar Heels in the know refer to as "the original Washington" — the first town
in the United States named for General George Washington. (Don't dare
call it "Littie Washington," lest you incur the wrath of Beaufort County.)
Ford Worthy's father and Lindsay Warren's father were dear friends and
fishing companions, both politically active in Eastern North Carolina. Their
sons, both of whom bear their fathers' names, were classmates in grades
one through eleven until the elder Warren moved his family to the "other"
Washington in 1940, when he accepted President Roosevelt's appointment as
Comptroller General of the United States. I am hopeful that certain telling
aspects of Lindsay's personality, as reflected in his friendship with Ford in
those early years, will be revealed this evening.
Ford and Lindsay enrolled at the University in Chapel Hill together
in the fall of 1942 and roomed together in Steele Dormitory. Both left after
a year for military service in World War II. They returned to Chapel Hill in
1946 and roomed together once again, graduating in 1948. Lindsay went on
to law school at Chapel Hill, law practice in Goldsboro, and a life so rich in
contributions to North Carolina that we celebrate tonight. After marrying
Lindsay's cousin Isabel nearly fifty-seven years ago, Ford worked in Charlotte
for a time and then moved to Raleigh, where he established one of the capital
city's best known and most respected real estate firms. Over the years he and
Lindsay and their wives have remained the dearest of friends.
Please welcome Ford Worthy.
[Mr. Worthy's remarks begin on page 20 of this Imprint^
James Dickson Phillips, Jr.
Born in Scotland County, James Dickson Phillips, Jr., grew up in
Laurinburg and attended its public schools. He graduated from high school in
1 939 and earned a bachelor's degree Phi Beta Kappa in 1 943 from Davidson
College. After military service in World War II, for which he was awarded the
TWO HISTORIC ADVENTURES 19
Bronze Star and the Purple Heart, he entered the law school at the University
of North Carolina, where he became Associate Editor of the North Carolina
Taw Review and a member of the Order of the Coif. Phillips was a member
of the extraordinary UNC Law School Class of 1948 and of the greatest
law school study group in history, with UNC President William C. Friday,
Governor Terry Sanford, UNC-Chapel Hill Chancellor William B. Aycock,
and UNC Board of Governors Chairmen John Jordan and William Dees.
Lindsay Warren first met Dick Phillips when Warren was a first-
year law student in 1948-49. Phillips, who had just graduated from the Law
School, was working for Albert Coates at the time as Assistant Director at
the Institute of Government. Coates, in order to free himself up for the
work of the Institute, sent Phillips over to the law school to teach several
weeks' worth of the course in criminal procedure that Dean Henry Brandis
had assigned to Coates. Phillips left Chapel Hill after that year to engage in
private law practice with Terry Sanford in Laurinburg and Fayetteville from
1949 until 1959. From 1960 until 1978, he was a professor of law at the
UNC School of Law and served as the law school's dean for ten of those
In 1978, President Carter nominated Dick Phillips to be a judge of
the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit. I will be forever
grateful to him for being a second mentor to me when I clerked for his dear
friend and colleague, Judge Sam J. Ervin, III, nearly 20 years ago, and in the
nearly 12 years since Judge Ervin's untimely death.
Please welcome Judge Dickson Phillips.
[Judge Phillips's remarks begin on page 24 of this Imprint.]
Adrienne Northington, Emily McNair, and Grace Johnston
Our last three speakers were once known as the "Little Warren Girls."
Adrienne Warren Northington, Emily Warren McNair, and Grace Warren
Johnston intend, I understand, to reveal something of the Lindsay Warren
they know. Please welcome them with all appropriate enthusiasm.
[The remarks of the "Little Warren Girls" begin on page 26 of this
My Connection with Undsay
Ford S. Worthy, Jr.
First of all I would like to congratulate the committee who selected
Lindsay Carter Warren, Jr., for the North Caroliniana Society Award for this
year. Your review of Citizen Warren's record of service confirms what I
have observed over a lifetime friendship with Lindsay.
Actually, our relationship began before our births. Our fathers
were close friends. Another good friend, Herbert Bonner and his wife, Eva
(he was later Congressman from the 1 st District, and much later, they were
the grandparents of Eve Hargrave Smith, who is here tonight) invited the
Warrens and the Worthys to an oyster roast on New Year's Eve of 1923.
Nine months later I came into the world (one week early) and two weeks later
TWO HISTORIC ADVENTURES 21
Lindsay was born (one week late.)
The North Caroliniana Society is recognizing Lindsay's extraordinary
contributions to North Carolina's historical and cultural heritage. In my
remarks I want to touch on some of his early life experiences that were a
foundation for those later significant contributions.
Perhaps you don't know of his part in the field of drama in North
Carolina. When our second grade class produced the classic play "The Story
of Peter Rabbit," Grace Bowen and I along with most of the class played
the part of cabbages. We were told to crouch on our knees and hold our
cabbage hats high with the rest of the cabbages. Meanwhile, Lindsay, in his
dramatic debut, played the part of Peter Rabbit, one of only two speaking
roles. After Grace and Lindsay were married, she and I frequently re-enacted
our cabbage parts, but Lindsay never would consent to be Peter Rabbit again.
Many years later as he went on to orchestrate the three-year production of
the 400 th Anniversary of the Roanoke Island colony, that early experience in
the dramatic arts surely gave him a good start.
In the 8 th grade, Lindsay and I were on the Police Junior Patrol.
This required us to be at a certain corner forty-five minutes before school
started so as to help younger children across the street. My corner was at
Harvey and Second Streets. Lindsay did not have a corner. You see Lindsay
was the Corporal. He wore a white Buster Brown belt as did the rest of
the Patrol, but as the Corporal who rode his bicycle around and checked
on the rest of us who had white badges, Lindsay had a red badge. I should
have known from Lindsay's red badge that he was destined to be a leader.
During Lindsay's distinguished service in the State Legislature, the experience
he gained as a Patrol Corporal prepared him for making sure that he had the
votes to reform the court system.
It was in the Gay Guts band and the Boy Scouts where Lindsay
developed his musical talents. Ted Haigler, who is here tonight, was a
member of the Gay Guts Band, and he can attest to Lindsay's ability to play
the saxophone. Lindsay and I and Harry Walker, also here tonight, were
in the Boy Scouts at the Presbyterian Church in Washington. Lindsay was
the bugler for Troop 24 until Tim Payne stuffed the horn of the bugle with
peaches so when Lindsay got up early in the morning to blow reveille the
sounds from the bugle were not in keeping with the expectation of our Scout
In high school Lindsay became the center and the only sophomore
on the varsity football team. It was not until years later that Coach Kelly told
me confidentially that although Lindsay was a good center that he, the coach,
selected the 10 th grader because he not only knew what he was supposed
to do on each play but that Lindsay also knew what Bud Hassel, his star
22 LINDSAY C. WARREN, JR.
lineman, was supposed to do. After about the third play, Bud would get
hit on the head and he couldn't remember anything. Just before Lindsay
snapped the ball, he would tell Bud Hassel, who to take out. Again, that was
good preparation for the rough and tumble of state politics.
Time will not permit me to recall many other growing up stories, like
dancing at the Dr. Pepper Plant, sex education on the school ground by Jim
Greasy, the wreck at the corner of 5 th and Market and loss of a half finger,
the aeration of Miss Corner's room, house parties on the Pamlico River, and
I could go on and on.
When Lindsay and I came here to College in 1942 some 9 months
following our entry into World War II, neither of us asked for roommates
but a mutual friend who worked in the housing assignment office placed us
as well as another Washingtonian in #4 Steele Dormitory along with a boy
from Palmyra, Don Harrison, who became our best friend.
About a month following our arrival as freshmen at UNC, Lindsay
and I pledged to join the Zeta Psi fraternity. From that point on we became
soul brothers along with Bobby Kirkland, who is here tonight along with
many others with whom we still keep in touch.
After our freshman year and later during World War II, Lindsay
served as an Ensign in the Coast Guard on a military transport and I served
as an Ensign in the Navy on a fleet oiler. One time during our sea duty, we
met in Norfolk on Lindsay's ship, the USS Wakefield.
After World War II we returned to Chapel Hill on the GI Bill. After
Chapel Hill, Lindsay started practicing law in Goldsboro, and I entered the
business world in Washington, North Carolina.
I was in Lindsay's wedding and he was the best man in my wedding.
Since that time I don't think a month has passed that we haven't communicated
with each other. Lindsay has always been generous in dedicating his time and
his talent in solving problems for his law firm, his church, and the state of
As successful as Lindsay has been in the practice of law, his real
calling may have been that of historian. Isabel and I have been on many
trips with Lindsay and Toddy. On our trips to Europe, Canada, Mexico, as
well as in the USA, Lindsay has proved himself to be very knowledgeable
about history, art, and government. One experience we had on a trip to
Nova Scotia proves that his time in the Legislature paid him later dividends.
One day we found ourselves in a rental car on the way to the Bay of Fundy.
That is where the difference between high tide and low tide is in excess of
thirty feet, much unlike the one foot wind tide on the Pamlico River. There
was some construction work going on and we were behind some old codger
(probably a year older than we) who was poking along and there were many
TWO HISTORIC ADl^ENTURES 23
signs that warned us against passing. As you may know, when Lindsay drives
he often has a unilateral conversation with the driver in front of him. Several
dmes he had told the old man to get out of the way and let him pass but
oddly enough the other driver did not respond. After several miles, Lindsay
passed and we were on our way. About an hour after we had stopped at a
nice restaurant for lunch, we were back on the road again only to be stopped
by a police officer called a constable. As the story unfolded, we learned
that an all-points-bulletin had been issued throughout Canada for the car in
which we were riding. A citizen had called the police to arrest us for having
passed the old codger some four hours earlier. The Constable did not seem
suspicious of us. After calling the Royal Canadian Mounted Police on the
radio, he explained to us that he would have to detain us until he could get
permission of the Mounties to either arrest us or release us. By then two
Mounty police cars had appeared. We were extremely disappointed they had
arrived in modern patrol cars instead of on horseback. Lindsay explained to
the police that while serving in the North Carolina Senate he had read a study
which showed that people who got a warning rather than a citation were less
likely to commit the same offense again. Whereupon the Mounties released
us with a warning and Lindsay promised to send the Constable a copy of the
We then proceeded to the Bay of Fundy, but watching the tide rise is
not as exciting as being detained by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.
Eighty-six years of friendship equates to too many stories to tell
here, although I am tempted to try. Let me end by saying that I am extremely
honored to have had the opportunity 7 to be associated with Lindsay as my
client, I as his client, and especially as a lifetime personal friend and confidante.
The Greatest Generation
J. Dickson Phillips, Jr.
Our honoree today — Lindsay Carter Warren, jr. — is a member
of the North Carolina branch of what Tom Brokaw has famously labeled
America's "Greatest Generation." A sweeping designation that we, taking
it as a point of departure for these remarks, should acknowledge is surely
subject to honest challenge on historical-factual grounds. Think immediately
of the very first generation whose members, at great personal risk, declared
our independence from perhaps the world's most powerful colonial empire,
then fought that empire's military might to secure the independence declared,
then in an act of sheer political genius secured its existence over time with a
magnificent constitution. Or think more recently of my favorite alternative —
TWO HISTORIC ADl^ENTURES 25
the generation immediately preceding Brokaw's: the parents who — despite the
rigors and privations of the Great Depression and the anxieties and sacrifices
of World War II — somehow largely succeeded in inculcating and passing on
those personal and civic virtues that Brokaw extolled as the hallmark of the
But, to challenge the "Greatest Generation" label is merely to
quibble. What is beyond quibble for our purposes here today is that those
private and civic virtues extolled by Brokaw's estimate are readily found in
the life, the affinities, and the good works of the member of that generation
being honored here today. Lindsay has truly exemplified those virtues, all
with a self-effacing, gracious dignity that has earned the abiding respect and
trust of his fellow citizens and served his beloved State well in a multitude of
Congratulations and well done, old friend.
Ten Things We Teamed
From Tindsay Warren
Adrienne Northington, Emily McN air, and Grace Johnston
Adrienne: "The Little Warren girls" — Emily, Grace, and I — just want to say
what an honor it is to pay tribute to our father tonight. We are so grateful
for this opportunity. Daddy has done many wonderful things for the state of
North Carolina, for his home community of Goidsboro, and for his beloved
university Growing up we knew he was doing important things but as little
children we were pretty clueless as to what it all meant. To us Daddy wasn't
a senator, or a leader, or a lawyer. He was just our Daddy. So, tonight we are
going to speak to you about the way we know him best — Lindsay Warren as
TWO HISTORIC ADVENTURES 27
Emily: When we first read the book To Kill a Mockingbird, like most southern
girls whose fathers were lawyers, we immediately recognized our father in
Atticus Finch. Like Atticus, Daddy was a well-respected, small town country
lawyer, a state legislator and the epitome of a southern gentleman. Scout
describes Atticus as "feeble: he was nearly fifty. When Jem and I asked him
why he was so old, he said he got started late, which we felt reflected upon his
abilities and manliness. He was much older than the parents of our school
contemporaries. Our father didn't do anything. . . . He sat in the living room
and read." Oh my gosh, she was describing Lindsay Warren. He didn't have
any hobbies. He didn't fish, hunt, or play golf. He rarely did anything around
the house and the one time he worked in the yard to pull weeds, he got
poison ivy and never returned. So, we were naturally crushed when Atticus
shot that rabid dog, because our father had never even held a gun! Now in
his defense, Daddy comes from a father who couldn't do anything practical
either. Carl Goerch in his book Characters, Always Characters wrote about our
grandfather, Lindsay Warren, Sr., and again I quote, "He always has been one
of the most impractical men I've ever seen, so far as doing things around
the house is concerned. Sam Mallison used to say that if Lindsay were cast
away on a desert island, with a couple of cases of canned goods and no can
opener, he would starve to death." Well, like father like son. The apple did
not fall very far from that tree.
Grace: When Adrienne, Emily, and I began to work on this tribute, we thought
"What in the world are we going to say about Daddy?" We obviously realize
he has achieved many wonderful and lasting accomplishments in his law and
political career and in serving our state. But, WE would argue that the most
important work of his life was being a parent and grandparent. He has many
abilities that we might not have recognized as children, but recognize today.
There are many ways he influenced and shaped our lives, and we'd like to
share them with you. So here are: (drum roll!)
"The Top Ten Things We've Learned from Lindsay Warren"
Grace: Number 10: To Be World Travelers. Dad has traveled the world
many times over and is a charter member of the Goldsboro Travel Club
(many of whom have traveled here tonight). His love for travel began when
he served in the Coast Guard during World War II and continued when he
and Mom took their first overseas trip to Spain with the Bar Association.
That trip began his thirst for travel, and he and Toddy are still traveling. On
their last trip this past September, he drove 1,200 miles in England! You all
know what a memory he has. Well, our first clue about his steel trap mind
was when we took a two-week trip to New England. (He was actually going
28 UNDSAYC. WARREN, JR
to drive us in a Winnebago, but Mom wisely ruled that out). From Mystic
Seaport to Boston to Dartmouth, he lectured us on every historical fact.
And, if you have ever traveled with him, you know what we are talking about.
But, the beaut\ T of it all is to see how much he loves to travel, loves to learn,
and loves to teach. And we were the beneficiaries of that.
Adrienne: Number 9: An Appreciation of History. Dad loves to read, but
he is not a fiction man. If you ask him what's on his bedside table, he will
likely respond with one of three answers — a 500-page biography on Winston
Churchill, an 800-page account of the batdes of World War I, or a 900-page
narrative of some British monarch. Dad, maybe one day that 1,000-page
biography that you have been writing since retirement will be on your bed
stand! When Dad is engrossed in reading, he has this amazing ability to tune
everyone and everything out. I guess he learned this as self-preservation
from having three daughters. Much to our children's irritation, he passed
this trait along to the three of us! Anyway, Dad has always believed that past
events can give us valuable insights to future events. When we have been
distraught over a Republican landslide or loss to "Dook," he wisely says "the
pendulum will always swing back"; thank goodness, he is always right!
Emily: Number 8: To Be a Yellow Dog Democrat. Politics has always
played a strong role in the Warren family, and Dad passed along his yellow
dog political genes to the three of us. We share many fond memories from
our childhood of him serving in the State Senate and running Pat Taylor's
gubernatorial campaign. There were a few perks along the way too. We met
a lot of awfully nice people and when Governor Scott came to our house
in Goldsboro, he let us ride around the neighborhood in his limousine. But
there was a downside as well. WTien Adrienne was four or five she saw Dad
on TV and asked Momma, "Are we going to have two Daddy's now?" He
served for eight years in the State Senate but recognized that it was taking
valuable time away from his family and, instead of climbing the political
ladder, he came home to us. This decision was totally about his family, and
he recognized that we ALL needed him at home. And for that we will always
be eternally grateful.
Grace: Number 7: To Appreciate Music. Music has always been a big part
of Dad's life. His mother Emily was the organist at the Methodist Church
and played at the Turnage Theater for the silent movies. She instilled in him
a lifelong love of music. As a teenager he and his friends and his brother had
a band called "The Gay Guts." Dad was their saxophonist, but his career was
tragically cut short by a car accident that took his right pinky and ended his
dreams of being the next great sax player. Some of our fondest memories
TWO HISTORIC ADl^ENTURES 29
were on Saturday nights. We'd cook steaks on the grill, and Daddy would
put a stack of records on the stereo (that tells our age). As we would listen
to Herb Alpert and the Tijuana Brass, Carol King, James Taylor, and Burt
Bacharach, he would stand in front of the speakers conducting the orchestras
like he was Dr. Benjamin Swalin. Our good friend Bill Kemp (whose wife
Betty is here tonight) got wind of this secret passion and in 1969 arranged
for Daddy to conduct one number with the North Carolina Symphony when
it came to Goldsboro. We have to believe it was one of the highlights of
his life! Classical music is the only type of music he listens to today but his
love of music — whatever genre — has been passed along to us and to his
Adrienne: Number 6: Love of the Ocean. Daddy has loved the beach,
especially the Outer Banks, all of his life. As a little boy, he and his family
spent many happy summers at Nags Head and on Ocracoke Island. He has
passed that love down to us and it has become a family tradition. It started
when we were litde and would go to Nags Head to stay at the Croatan Inn
with the entire Warren family. It continues today when our whole family
spends a week at the beach every summer. These vacations are a time when
Dad totally relaxes. Our memories include long walks and early morning
swims in the frigid water. It always was and is a highlight to see "the great
white whale" floating in the ocean. We eat tons of wonderful seafood and
play lots of silly games. Whether it's playing charades or the grandchildren's
favorite game, Family, or learning how to dance to rap music with John and
Gray, Daddy is always a great sport.
Emily: Number 5: To Be a Carolina Fan. If ANY family was "Tar Heel
born and Tar Heel bred," it would be ours. Most of you think of Daddy as
this calm, gende, thoughtful man. Well, clearly you have never witnessed
the "Mr. Hyde" that comes out while watching UNC athletics. One of our
first memories of Daddy was during a Carolina basketball game, when he
jumped up, screamed and cut his head on the chandelier. It scared us nearly
to death. He very rarely cusses, except when he watches a Carolina sporting
event. One of his favorite expressions — usually during a Carolina football
game — is "Damn it, the offense is just impotent!" When watching basketball
games, poor Momma usually had to flee to the kitchen to listen to it on the
radio. And when he married Toddy, I know she thought, "What in the world
have I gotten myself into?" when she first witnessed Mr. Hyde. So, as all of
you are very much aware, every single one of his children and grandchildren
bleed Carolina Blue!
Grace: Number 4: To Do Your Duty. Service to his state, his community, and
30 UNDSAYC. WARREN, JR.
his church has always been in Dad's DNA. It was what you were supposed to
do. Whether running for the State Senate, leading the Warren Commission,
chairing the 400 th anniversary, or just being Mr. First Presbyterian Church,
Daddy has always served others. He has never looked for recognition or
rewards. As a matter of fact, the only way we found out about this award
tonight was through Martin Brinkley. Even though none of us followed in
his footsteps in the political arena, we all have a strong desire to serve our
communities in our own way.
Adrienne: Number 3: A sense of Integrity. If you told us that we could
only use one word to describe Daddy, it would be the word integrity. We
think it truly summarizes the type of man he is. As children we watched and
learned as he approached every task with a hyper-sense of responsibility. His
actions taught us to always tell the truth, no matter how hard, and to always
try and do the right thing. We believe humility 7 is a part of integrity, and it's
the part of him that we respect the most. Emily, Grace, and I would like to
think we have come close to following in his very large footsteps.
Emily: Number 2: To Be a Loyal Friend. What we want to say to you,
Daddy, is "Look around the room at all the friends you've got!" And it is
because all of your life you have been such a true and devoted friend. Really,
look around. Each person in this room represents friendships from every
part of your life: from your childhood in Washington, from your Carolina
undergraduate and law school days, from Goldsboro, from Raleigh, from
First Presbyterian, from the legal community. You have taught Adrienne,
Grace, and me the value and importance of being a steadfast and loyal friend.
Adrienne: Number 1: To Love Family. Ultimately, family is the most
important thing to Dad. He has the ability to love deeply, completely, and
forever. He had a 50 year relationship with the love of his life, our mother,
Grace. Then, he was so lucky to find love again with Toddy, now for more
than 20 years.
Emily: Daddy has always given his unconditional love to the three of us and
our husbands, Jim, Parham, and Randy; to his step children Bob, Mary Todd,
and Jule; their spouses Jeanne and Laurel; and finally his 14 grandchildren/
step-grandchildren. When Lindsay Warren loves you, he loves you completely
Grace: How lucky are we to have had this man as our father? To us he is not
the politician, the lawyer, the leader, the trusted advisor; to us he is just simply
our daddy who loves us and we love him. And like Scout and Jem in To Kill a
Mockingbird, we realized along the way that he is something special.
Presentation of the Award
Willis P. Whichard
In presenting the North Caroliniana Society Award for 2011,
President Willis P. Whichard thanked Senator Warren for his afternoon
address and for permitting the Society to honor itself by recognizing his
outstanding career and contributions to North Carolina. He pointed to a
picture of the master award trophy, which is on permanent display in the
North Carolina Collection Reading Room in Wilson Library, and presented
a simple sterling tumbler engraved with the name of the award, the name of
the recipient, and the year.
Acceptance of the Award
Lindsay C. Warren, Jr.
Senator Warren graciously accepted the North Caroliniana Society
Award for 20 11 and expressed his appreciation for the presence of members
of his family and many of his friends, neighbors, and professional colleagues.
TWO HISTORIC ADl VENTURES 33
LINDSAY C. WARREN, JR.
TWO HISTORIC ADVENTURES
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NORTH CAROLINIANA SOCIETY IMPRINTS
H. G. Jones, General Editor, Numbers 1-50
No. 1 . An Evening at Monticello: An Essay in Reflection (1 978)
by Edwin M. Gill
No. 2. The Paul Green I Know (1 978)
by Elizabeth Lay Green
No. 3. The Albert Coates I Know (1 979)
by Gladys Hall Coates
No. 4. The Sam Ervin I Know (1 980)
by Jean Conyers Ervin
No. 5. Sam Ragan (1981)
by Neil Morgan
No. 6. Thomas Wolfe of North Carolina (1982)
edited by H. G. Jones
No. 7. Gertrude Sprague Carraway (1982)
by Sam Ragan
No. 8. John Fries Blair (1983)
by Margaret Blair McCuiston
No. 9. William Clyde Friday and Ida Howell Friday (1984)
by Georgia Carroll Kyser and William Brandey Avcock
No. 10. William S. Powell, Historian (1985) '
by David Stick and William C. Friday
No. 1 1 . "Gallantry Unsurpassed" (1985)
edited by Archie K. Davis
No. 12. Mary and Jim Semans, North Carolinians (1986)
by W Kenneth Goodson
No. 13. The High Water Mark (1986)
edited by Archie K. Davis
No. 1 4. Raleigh and Quinn: The Explorer and His Boswell (1 987)
edited by H. G. Jones
No. 15. A Half Century in Coastal History (1987)
by David Stick
No. 16. Thomas Wolfe at Eighty-seven (1988)
edited by H. G Jones
No. 17. A Third of a Century in Senate Cloakrooms (1988)
by William McWhorter Cochrane
No. 1 8. The Emtna Neal Morrison I Know (1 989)
by Ida Howell Friday
No. 19. Thomas Wolfe's Composition Books (1990)
edited by Alice R. Cotten
No. 20. My Father, Burke Davis (1990)
by Angela Davis-Gardner
No. 21. A Half Century with Rare Books (1991)
by Lawrence E London
No. 22. Frank H Kenan: An Appreciation (1992)
edited by Archie K. Davis
No. 23. Growing Up in North Carolina, by Charles Kuralt, and
The Uncommon Eaureate, by Wallace H. Kuralt (1993)
No. 24. Chancellors Extraordinary: J. Carlyle Sitterson and EeRoy T Walker (1995)
by William C. Friday and Willis P. Whichard
No. 25. Historical Consciousness in the Early Republic (1995)
edited by H. G. Jones
No. 26. Sixty Years with a Camera (1996)
by Hugh M. Morton
No. 27. William Gaston as a Public Man (1 997)
by John L. Sanders
No. 28. William P. Camming and the Study of Cartography (1998)
edited by Robert Cumming
No. 29. My Love Affair with Carolina (1998)
by Doris Waugh Betts
No. 30. A Single but Huge Distinction (1999)
by Reynolds Price
No. 3 1 . Richard Jenrette s Adventures in Historic Preservation (2000)
edited by H. G. Jones
No. 32. Sketches in North Carolina USA 1872 to 1878 (2001)
by Mortimer O. Heath; edited by H. G. Jones
No. 33. Roots and Branches' (2001)
by W'ilma Dykeman
No. 34. Glimmers in the Gloaming (2002)
by Frank Borden Hanes Sr.
No. 35. Coming of Age in North Carolina's Fifth Century, by Maxine Swalin, and
The North Carolina Symphony, The Peoples Orchestra, by John L. Humber (2003)
No. 36. Reflections (2004)' '
by W Trent Ragland, Jr.
No. 37. Photographers in North Carolina: The First Century, 1842-1941 (2004)
Essays by Stephen E. Massengill, H. G.Jones, Jesse R. Lankford
No. 38. North Carolina Conundrum (2005)
by John Hope Franklin
No. 39. Poetical Geography of North Carolina (1887; 2006)
by Needham Bryan Cobb
No. 40. The Goodliest Laud (2006)
by Bern- Ray McCain
No. 41. Hayes: The Plantation, Its People, and Their Papers (2007)
by John G. Zehmer Jr.
No. 42. ' Center of the Universe (2007)
by Fred Chappell
No. 43. William B. Aycock Our Champion (2007)
by Judith W W'egner
No. 44. Nathaniel Macon of North Carolina (2008)
by WilliamS. Price Jr.
No. 45. Robert Scott and the Preservation of North Carolina History (2009)
by H. G. Jones
No. 46. A Historic Occasion (2009)
by Shirley Taylor Frye and Henry E. Frye
No. 47. Surprise of the Century (2009)
by James E. Holshouser Jr.
No. 48. The Colonial Records of North Carolina (2010)
edited by William S. Price Jr.
No. 49. The Grandfathers (2010)
by Bland Simpson
No. 50. A Resume of Two Historic Adventures (2011)
by Lindsay C. Warren Jr.
The North Caroliniana Society
Wilson Library, Campus Box 3930
Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27514-8890
Telephone (91 9) 962-1 172; email@example.com; www.ncsociety.org
Chartered on 11 September 1975 as a private nonprofit corporation under provisions of Chapter 55A
of the General Statutes of North Carolina, the North Caroliniana Society is dedicated to the promotion of increased
knowledge and appreciation of North Carolina's heritage through the encouragement of scholarly research and
wilting in and teaching of state and local history, literature, and culture; publication of documentary materials,
including the limited-edition North Caroliniana Society Imprints and North Caroliniana Society Keepsakes, sponsorship of
professional and lay conferences, seminars, lectures, and exhibitions; commemoration of historic events, including
sponsorship of markers and plaques; and through assistance to the North Carolina Collection of UNC-Chapel Hill
and other cultural organizations with kindred objectives. The Society is administered by an entirely volunteer staff
and a motto of "Substance, not Show."
Founded by H. G. Jones and incorporated by Jones, William S. Powell, and Louis M. Connor, Jr., who soon
were joined by a distinguished group of North Carolinians, the Society was limited to a hundred members for the
first decade. It elects from time to time additional individuals meeting its strict critenon of "adjudged performance"
in service to their state's culture — i.e., those who have demonstrated a continuing interest in and support of the
historical, literary, and cultural hentage of North Carolina. The Society, a tax-exempt organization under provisions
of Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code, expects continued service from its members, and for its programs
it depends upon the contributions, bequests, and devises of its members and friends. Its IRS number is 56-1 119848.
The Society administers a fund, given in 1987 by the Research Triangle Foundation in honor of its retiring board
chairman and the Society's longtime president, from which more than 300 Archie K. Davis Fellowships have been
awarded for research in North Carolina's histoncal and cultural resources. The Society also sponsors the North
Caroliniana Book Award, recognizing a book that best captures the essence of North Carolina; the William Stevens
Powell Award to a senior student who has contnbuted most to an understanding of the history and traditions of The
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; and the H. G. Jones North Carolina History Pnzes for winners in the
National History Day competition.
A highlight of the Society's year is the presentation of the North Caroliniana Society Award to an individual
or organization for long and distinguished service in the encouragement, production, enhancement, promotion, and
preservation of North Caroliniana. Starting with Paul Green, the Society has recognized Albert Coates, Sam J. Ervm
Jr., Sam Ragan, Gertrude S. Carraway, John Fries Blair, William and Ida Fnday, William S. Powell, Mary and James
Semans, David Stick, William M. Cochrane, Emma Neal Morrison, Burke Davis, Lawrence F. London, Frank H.
Kenan, Charles Kuralt, Archie K. Davis, H. G. Jones, J. Carlyle Sitterson, Leroy T Walker, Hugh M. Morton, John L.
Sanders, Dons Belts, Reynolds Price, Richard H. Jenrette, Wilma Dykeman, Frank Borden Hanes Sr., Maxrne Swalm,
Elizabeth Vann Moore, W Trent Ragland Jr., W Dallas Herring, John Hope Franklin, Betty Ray McCain, Joseph F
Steelman, William B. Aycock, Fred Chappell, Henry E. and Shirley T Frye, Robert W and Jessie Rae Scott, James E.
Holshouser Jr., Bland Simpson, Lindsay C. Warren Jr., and, on its sesquicentenmal, the North Carolina Collection.
BOARD OF DIRECTORS (201 1)
Willis P. Whichard, President
H. David Bruton, Vice-President, Martin H. Brinkley, Secretaiy '-Treasurer
Timothy B. Burnett, James W Clark Jr., Dana Borden Lacy, Nancy Cobb Lilly
Dannye Romine Powell, W Trent Ragland Jr., John L. Sanders,
Bland Simpson, Thomas E. Terrell Jr.
Ex Officio: Archives and History Director, North Carolina Collection Curator
Archie K. Davis (1911-1998), William C. Fnday, William S. Powell, Presidents Ementi
H. G Jones, Secretary-Treasurer Emeritus
Kevin Cherry, Frank Borden Hanes Sr., William D Snider, Directors Emeriti
Recipients of the
North Caroliniana Society Award
>'" Noun; CAIIOJ.IM^
»ISTl>«v AMI C-i;J.n-«
■ Paul Green
Albert Coates .
Hugh MacRae Morton
John L. Sanders
Sam I Pirvin Jr.
Doris W/uoh Betts
Gertrude Sprague Carraway
Richard PI. jenret/e
John Fries Blair
William C. <&. Ida PL Friday
Frank Borden I lanes Sr.
William S. Powell
Mary D.B.T.& James PL Semans
Elizabeth X'ann Moore
■ David Stick
W. Trent Ragtandjr.
William McWhorter Cochrane
W. Dallas Herring
Emma Neal Morrison-
■ ■■ John PI ope Frank/ in
. Betty Ray McCain
iMivrence- b. Ijondon
Joseph Pi Steel/nan
Prank Flaw kins Kenan .
William B. _ Ay cock
P1. G. Jones
Henry F:. <& Shirley Fryt
Archie K. Davis
Robert <Z?' Jessie Rae Scot,
North Carolina Collection
James B. / iolshouser J r.
/. Carlyle. Sitters on. .
LeRoy T. Walker
i ' 2011
Lindsay C. Warren jr.
THE LIBRARY OF THE
AT CHAPEL HILL
UNIVERSITY OF N.C. AT CHAPEL HILL
THE COLLECTION OF
This book may be kept out one month unless a recall
notice is sent to you. It must be brought to the North
Carolina Collection (in Wilson Library) for renewal.
Form No. A 369